Common Pregnancy Complications

Pregnancy Complications

Becoming parents is one of the greatest blessings in the world. It’s possible that your thoughts and feelings will go into overdrive when you find out you’re pregnant. You might be anxious about the possibility of something going wrong as you are about to bring a new life into the world.

Majority of pregnancies progress without a hitch. However, complications occur in approximately 8% of all pregnancies and have the potential to harm the mother or the baby if left untreated. Keep reading to get insight into some common complications that may arise during pregnancy.

  • Ectopic Pregnancy

The development of the fetus outside the uterus is known as an ectopic pregnancy. This can occur in the pelvis, belly, fallopian tubes, or cervical canal. Spotting and cramping are two common symptoms of ectopic pregnancy. A fallopian tube rupture occurs if an ectopic pregnancy continues. The diagnosis is made with the help of blood tests and an ultrasound. An ectopic pregnancy can be treated with medication or surgical abortion.

  • Placental Complications

There are two kinds of problems that can arise with the placenta:

  • Placental Abruption: Sometimes the placenta leaves the uterine wall too early. This is known as placental abruption, and it causes the fetus to receive less oxygen and nutrients. A tender belly, bleeding, and cramping are the signs of placental abruption. An ultrasound and a thorough physical examination are used to confirm the diagnosis. This condition typically necessitates hospitalization for women to give birth early.
  • Placenta Previa: Placenta previa occurs when the placenta is attached close to or covers the cervix. Vaginal bleeding that is bright red and does not cause pain or tenderness in the belly may be one of the signs. An ultrasound and a physical examination are used to confirm the diagnosis. A modification of activities or bed rest may be prescribed, depending on the severity of the issue and the stage of pregnancy. In order to prevent premature placental detachment during delivery, cesarean sections are typically required.
  • Gestational Diabetes

When a woman who did not have diabetes before becoming pregnant develops the condition during pregnancy, it is known as gestational diabetes.

In gestational diabetes, pregnancy-related hormonal changes cause the body to either not use insulin normally or not make enough insulin. As a result of the glucose building up in your blood, you get diabetes.

The best way to reduce or prevent issues related to high blood sugar during pregnancy is to manage gestational diabetes by adhering to a treatment plan established by the best gynecologist in lahore.

  • Preeclampsia

Preeclampsia is characterized by high blood pressure brought on by pregnancy. A more severe form of preeclampsia is eclampsia. Seizures, coma, or even death could result from this. Possible symptoms of preeclampsia include high blood pressure, swelling on hands and face, headache, dizziness, irritability, decreased urine output, abdominal pain, and blurred vision. Hospitalization, bed rest, blood pressure-lowering medication, and close monitoring of both the mother and the fetus are all the measures that can be taken to keep preeclampsia under control. 

  • Amniotic Fluid Complications

There may be a problem with the pregnancy if there is too much or too little amniotic fluid in the sac surrounding the fetus. Preterm labor can result from excessive fluid pressure on the mother’s uterus. Additionally, it may put stress on the mother’s diaphragm making it hard to breathe. In cases of uncontrolled diabetes, multiple pregnancies, blood types that are incompatible, or birth defects, fluid typically accumulates. A lack of fluid may indicate stillbirth, growth retardation, or birth defects.

  • Preterm Labour

Preterm labor is when a woman goes into labor before she is 37 weeks pregnant. Infections, a shortened cervix, and previous preterm births are all risk factors for preterm labor. Progesterone, a hormone made naturally during pregnancy, can be used to help prevent preterm birth.

  • Miscarriage or Fetal loss

A pregnancy loss that occurs before 20 weeks of gestation is called a miscarriage. Commonly miscarriages occur before 12 weeks of gestation. However if the cervix is weak and opens too early, it could result in fetal loss in the second trimester. Consult a competent gynecologist via they can assist in preventing pregnancy loss by stitching the cervix until delivery.

Spotting and severe cramping typically precede miscarriages. Blood tests and an ultrasound can confirm a miscarriage. Most of the time, the uterine contents and the fetus are expelled naturally. A dilation and curettage procedure may be required if this does not occur. 

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